1(11)/2002, p. 23

Ewa Łużyniecka
Architecture transformations of the mediaeval Cistercian monastery in Rudy on the basis of architectural investigations carried out in 2001

    Architectural investigations were carried out in the church and enclosure building in 2001. Their aim was to supplement the existing knowledge on the transformations of the mediaeval monastic buildings. That is the reason why, in many cases, former examinations were repeated. However, for the first time since the after-the-war repairs, architectural investigations of the church were carried out. After analysing drawn iconography and photographs illustrating the state of the object before preservation, the following works, among other things, were carried out: examination of the stratigraphy of the accessible walls, an inventory of the building materials, chosen accommodation junctions were cleaned of plaster. Also, architectonic details were measured, and the main accommodations as well as fragments of the inner and outer elevations of the complex were listed.
    On the basis of architectural field investigations, it is possible to ascertain that the mediaeval Cistercian monastery in Rudy came into being in three phases. The church and the east and west wings of the enclosure building were built during the first phase (the second half of the 13th century). In the second phase (13th/14th century – first half of the 14th century) three wings of the gallery were built, while in the third phase, together with the building of the west gallery the west wing of the enclosure was rebuilt. During this rebuilding, in the first stage, the cellars in the south and central part of the wing were made higher (15th century), and in the second stage, the north cellar covered with a cradle vaulting was built (15th/16th century).