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The stone book of ancient Egypt – the Temple of Horus in Edfu (237 B.C.–71 A.D.)
This is one of the most well known ancient temples and it is an inexhaustible source of knowledge on Egyptian culture. Inscriptions, which cover it fully – apart from the floor and the ceiling – inform us not only about its building process, the designations and functional purposes of the particular parts, but also religious celebrations which took place in the temple, have been recorded. These temple inscriptions have allowed us to reconstruct the state of its library, its treasury and laboratory.
The religious texts present hymns, maxims of wisdom and magic formulas. Consequently, the temple, with its stone walls replacing impermanent parchment and papyrus, became a kind of monumental book of lasting cognitive and aesthetic value.