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2(12)/2002, p. 39

Cezary W±s
Sanctity in architecture

    The notion of "sacral architecture" used with reference to Christian buildings is not fully correct, because in Christianity is not a material but a personal category. However, such a univocal doctrinal stand was in practice ignored, and in the history of Christianity it was often possible to come into contact with the opinion that sanctity is an attribute of works of art of the church. This kind of comprehension of sacredness, which finds its counterpart in the notion of sanctity, may be sought in the material components of works of art, in the substance of the work or in its aesthetical values. Besides sacredness being understood as sanctity there also exists, sacredness comprehended as “sacrificing”, i.e. separating from the real world such features, which are reserved for God. In the history of Christianity buildings of cult attained this dimension of sacredness in many ways. The article presents the theory and history of sacredness of buildings of cult, from the time of the Old Testament to the end of the 20th century.