2(12)/2002, p. 61

Elżbieta Trocka-Leszczyńska
Lusatian wooden pillared houses. Preservation and continuation

    The pillared construction, also called Lusatian, is a unique form of wooden folk building occurring in the frontier zone of Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic. It unites various forms of constructions: curb-plate, spandrel beam and also brick built.
    It consists of binding the floor framework with an independent load bearing construction of a row of perpendicular pillars supporting the roof or the spandrel beam wall of the upper storey, sometimes an elbowed wall.
    The pillared buildings are, most often, of a 19th century or beginning of the 20th century provenience. They occur fairly frequently in the area of West Sudeten Mountains. However, due to the lack of planned renovation and modernization, they are falling into ruin.
    After years of oblivion, interest with Lusatian building may yet bring effects in the form of saving the pillared houses and the preserved traditional arrangement of wood-fief villages (the so-called villages of chain-like arrangement). Complexes of renovated pillared buildings in Saxony, may here serve as an example.
    In areas of compact occurrence of pillared buildings, not only the buildings but also the order of the old-time, mediaeval villages of chain-like arrangement, should be included in a programme of protection of relics. The voids created by devastated objects should be filled with new constructions, which will be a continuation of the Lusatian building features. It is absolutely necessary to work out a method of shaping the new structures, so as not to disturb the harmonious village landscape either with the scale, the architecture or the detail.