2(16)/2004, p. 65

Jacek Burdziński
Genesis and development of passenger car storage buildings

    The invention of the car generated the need of creating a new type of architectonic building. With the increasing number of cars there simultaneously arose buildings which served as their storage place. The first objects of the so-called car-base, similarly lo the first cars, had the shape adapted from earlier known architectonic forms. With lime, together with the birth of modernism, a specific form took shape.
    The first car parks and multi-level garages began originating in Europe in the first decade of the 20th century. Due to the initially small power of the car engines, many of the garages possessed hoists used for inner car transport.
    The buildings had up to ten storey and their capacity did not exceed one thousand stands. They arose by hotels, offices, close lo compact housing areas in town centres - there where the number of cars met with the absence of free parking space.
    In Poland the first garage design for postal vehicles came into being in 1936. It is realization was terminated by the out break of the Second World War. After the war, up to the 90. of the 20th century, only four multi-level car parks were built, all of them in Warsaw.
    At the turn of the 20. and 30. of the last century the car became a source of inspiration in architectonic design. Its key role is visible in the designs of the House of the future of Arne Jacobsen and Flem­ming Lassen, the Villa Savoye of Le Corbusier, and the Villa Tugen­dhat of Mies van der Rohe. The authors of these designs introduce the car into the interior of the houses as their link with the outer area. Also, the designs of garages by Konstanty S. Mielnikov are a proof of the author being inspired by motorization. The futuristic visions of garage objects in Paris, underline the role of the car in shaping of the urban architecture. Since those years, architecture had lo take into conside­ration the needs of the wide development of motorization