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2(20)/2006, p. 33

Maciej Rogocz
Municipal communication system and its meaning in the structure of Gdynia

    The municipal transport system, which is formed in a linear spatial city system, becomes quite specific. It seems much more difficult to project a sufficient mass transport in this type of a city than in the classical radial-concentric model of the city.
    In this study the aim of the author is to describe the structure and the character of the communication system in Gdynia – the city of a linear spatial system. The study covers a summary of the city transport system compared to the city development history as a whole. There is also a short overview of the bus and trolleybus communication. In this part of the article the reader will find the description of spatial and technical conditions of shaping the network, the number of lines and their types as well as the structure of the city transport means.
    The article characterizes municipal communication in the spatial-functional model of the city. There are analyses of time and topological accessibility, bus stop hierarchy structure, as well as connections between places of living and target places, connections with the outer transport system and last but not least the district communication service.
    The system of city transport is designed and developed regarding its users first of all. A part of this study describes the passenger structure, directions of their translocation, their preferences, communication behaviours and most of all their judgment on the city communication system.
    Both, the model analyses of accessibility and the statements of the citizens of Gdynia, show that the accessibility to junctions of the transport network (i.e. bus stops) is satisfactory. However, there is a lack of direct connections between suburb districts of the city, compared to those located along the main transport corridor. This is the biggest disadvantage of the Gdynia municipal transport system, which, as a whole, operates quite well in a city squeezed between the waters of the Gdańsk Bay and moraine hills of the Kashubian Lake District. The well organized structure of running the public transport system, which collaborates with spatial planning experts, and the goodwill of municipal authorities allows us to look forward to the future with optimism.