The secular half-timbered architecture in Europe – the treasure of original exterior decorative forms
The article deals with picturesque of half-timber houses, which – in spite of time passage – are still proof of remarkable art performed by unknown craftsmen and fascinate even in the surroundings of monumental architecture. Presented decorative forms represent various adornment techniques. Among them are surface decoration like Kratzputz or Wandmalerei as well as decoration carpentry. The synergy of technology, crafts and arts transformed wooden construction into an original ornament, enriched with specific sculpture. Noteworthy is hanging slate, wooden, plaster or ceramic camouflage. The presented examples confirm that half-timbered houses decorative forms are a valuable and important heritage of European culture.
Key words: half-timber house, decorative forms, history of wooden architecture
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