Monika Ewa Adamska
Johann Martin Pohlmann (1726–1800). Architect of the period of Frederick the Great
In the paper professional achievements of Johann Martin Pohlmann, Berlin-born architect active in Silesia in the 2nd half of the 18th century, mainly during the reign of king Frederic the Great, are presented. Pohlmann’s professional career was connected with his work in managerial positions in the building departments of Silesian Chamber of Wars and Domains in Opole and Wrocław. The architect realizing the king’s policy of economic and urban development of Silesia, incorporated to Prussia, participated in the process of founding ironworks in the valley of the Mała Panew and establishment the Frederician settlements. Amongst professional achievements of Johann Martin Pohlmann there are also projects of public buildings, i.a. Evangelic churches. Although Pohlmann’s works fi t still into Baroque architecture, they belong to a transition period; one can notice in his works also neoClassical elements. A special attention deserve design solutions of Frederician settlements in Jedlice and Kup – only partly preserved compositions based on the geometry of a circle.
Key words: 2nd half of the 18th century, Frederician colonization, development of metallurgy, central arrangements, Silesia
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