|1(5)/1999, p. 3
Edmund Małachowicz, Czesław Lasota, Maciej Małachowicz
An investigation into the early-medieval phases of building the Wroclaw Cathedral (1996-1997)
The main objective of the present study was to investigate the architecture of the oldest structures of the cathedral and conservation of excavated relicts. It is also aimed at arranging an exhibition and opening It to the public.
Apart from searching beneath the choir, an examination was made of the bishop's crypt below the south aisle at a depth of 3.30-4.70 m below the floor level, succeeded in exposure of the other four structures made of stone, following the early-medieval, pre-Romanesque and Romanesque styles. The earliest construction dated from the last quarter of the 10th century.
A stratigraphic layout of the foundations of all the structures clearly indicated the sequence in which these had been completed: 10th, 11th and 12th centuries.
A reconstructed plan of the earliest cathedral showed a basilica of outer dimensions as follows: ca. 30.0 m in length and 18.5 m in width, which was about three quarters of the cathedral in Poznań. It was also smaller in dimensions compared to the first cathedral in Cracow. It represented a type of cathedral similar to the Carolignian one, with two towers to the east and western edifice with a gallery.
Relics of the former structures have not been buried again after examination; these are careful1y exposed in the cathedral, being appropriately designated.