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1(5)/1999, p. 3

Edmund Małachowicz, Czesław Lasota, Maciej Małachowicz
An investigation into the early-medieval phases of building the Wroclaw Cathedral (1996-1997)

    The main objective of the present study was to investigate the ar­chitecture of the oldest structures of the cathedral and conservation of excavated relicts. It is also aimed at arranging an exhibition and open­ing It to the public.
    Apart from searching beneath the choir, an examination was made of the bishop's crypt below the south aisle at a depth of 3.30-4.70 m below the floor level, succeeded in exposure of the other four struc­tures made of stone, following the early-medieval, pre-Romanesque and Romanesque styles. The earliest construction dated from the last quarter of the 10th century.
    A stratigraphic layout of the foundations of all the structures clearly  indicated the sequence in which these had been completed: 10th, 11th and 12th centuries.
    A reconstructed plan of the earliest cathedral showed a basilica of outer dimensions as follows: ca. 30.0 m in length and 18.5 m in width, which was about three quarters of the cathedral in Poznań. It was also smaller in dimensions compared to the first cathedral in Cracow. It represented a type of cathedral similar to the Carolignian one, with two towers to the east and western edifice with a gallery.
    Relics of the former structures have not been buried again after examination; these are careful1y exposed in the cathedral, being appro­priately designated
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