|1(5)/1999, p. 57
Contemporary fates of former industrial complexes in £ód¼
Many of the former industrial complexes are constantly registered in the urban structure of £ód¼. They have been creating the image of the city since the 19th century. We can enumerate some of their characteristic features such as: giant red blocks, brick walls, giant gates, towers, and very high smokestacks, which formed strict and gloomy stigma of the city.
Nowadays most of those complexes change their owners and their function. They are situated in the centre of £ód¼ and they have natural beauty of certain materials (traditionally used red brick wall s, steel grating) and because of this, they may seem to be very attractive areas for new investments. There are many possibilities of using manufacture buildings and their surroundings. It is very important that it is easy to organise parking 1015 and accompanying green grounds with the existing old trees. The construction of architecture is still in a good condition, and only in some cases addition of some more reinforcement is necessary (especially for a new function).
In a new project, housing estates, residential estates (two level flats), public use spaces in ground floors with shopping arcades, studios, dorms, etc., are planned on the former industrial estates. More interesting are attempts at adapting those buildings as high school complexes or adapting them as a centre for rehabilitation of mentally handicapped children. Architectural designing approach to such a kind of buildings must be very sensitive, but not all of those industrial complexes can be adapted for new functions. Some of them (In¼ynierska Street no. 6) are only catalogued and then knocked down. One of the complexes of the former textiles manufacture buildings was adapted as a centre for rehabilitation of mentally handic±pped children. II is situated at Drewnowska Street no. 77 in £ód¼ and consists of the owner's residential house and industrial buildings with boiler house and historic chimney from the 19th century. The program predicts the location of hostels, warehouses, buildings for rehabilitation use, garden, parking areas in the former factory plots. Another complex of industrial buildings at Rewolucji Street no. 52 was sold to the Institute of Creative Thinking for the needs of the High Humanistic and Economy School. The main building of the complex is situated at the back of the building plot. At the front there is a tenement house, which belongs to another owner. Many aspects, were considered in the project one of them was to design and realise the investment step by step. Daria Stasiak and Graæyna £uczko-Fija³kowska propose, as the first stage, the adaptation of the old factory at Rewolucji Street no. 52 for school estate. The second stage is the localization of technical rooms in an additional, outhousc building.
Rebuilding and rehabilitation of historical, urban spaces in £ód¼, using the former industrial complexes should be the process strictly connected with new organisation of communication, parking places, systems of services, and planing relations between housing, industrial quarter, green grounds, recreation and sports areas, municipal equipment.
It gives an opportunity to create a new image of the city taking into consideration the industrial character of £ód¼, whith simultaneous development of the modem architecture and new communication system.