Bogna Ludwig
Illusionistic relief as a design technique in the modern facades. Time of Renaissance

    The article presents the use of techniques borrowed from sculpture of the Renaissance time – bas- to high-relief in architectural projects. The concept of the “architectural relief” (rilievo architettonico) as a method of articulating the facade was introduced by Giulio Carlo Argan to the critique of architecture. Considering the origins of the term relief, the use of this technique in the Renaissance and Baroque and comparing it to the changes in architectural forms in the facades of buildings in the modern ages, we may conclude, that the evolution of specific relief techniques in composing the architectural detail on the walls of the buildings can be considered as the basis for many of the changes in the architecture of that time. By analyzing the works of the Renaissance which used this method for architecture we can indicate the basic moments of changes, which in most cases coincide with the crucial periods in the history of architecture. In the text it was endeavoured to demonstrate the adequacy of such a form of architectural criticism to describe the achievements of the modern architecture.

Key words: modern architecture, perspective, Renaissance, design technique

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