The abbot church in Henryków on the basis of the architectural rescue studies from the years 2008–2009
The article discusses the rescue research of the Cistercian abbey church in Henryków conducted in 2008–2009 during the excavation of drainage ditches at the external walls of the church. During the work, architectural analyzes were carried out under the supervision of the author, and the walls and selected fragments of the faces were cleaned of plaster, bringing out the remains of contacts, architectural details and structural elements. Later, an inventory was made of the system of building blocks, its measurements were made, the technical and formal features of the walls were examined and the composition of mortars and layers of plasters were determined. In the course of the research, measurement documentation was performed in numerical CAD and digital form using photogrammetry, recorded with the use of the single-image method. The study was complemented by an attempt to date the mortar with the carbon 14C radioactive analysis method, supervised by Professor Tadeusz Goslar from the Radiocarbon Laboratory at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań.
Based on the results of the research, some details of the author’s previous hypothesis were made more specific with regard to the first phase of the construction of the Henryków church and the hypothesis associated with the Holy Cross Chapel. The study that was conducted also led to the discovery of elements of the church that were unknown until now. These include: a medieval chapel with a three-sided ending and diagonal buttresses, preceding the construction of St. Joseph Chapel; the northern chapel, built at the third bay of the nave from the west; massive buttresses supporting the walls of the northern ring of chapels, which have not survived to our times, a trace of porta mortuorum.
Key words: church, Cistercians, Middle Ages, Henryków
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