|2(6)/1999, p. 3
Hanna Kozaczewska-Golasz, Hanna Golasz-Szołomicka
Perge – antique town in Asia Minor
Perge lies in Pamfilia in the south-westem part of Turkey. It was abandoned in the 13th century and left unoccupied until the 19th century. Explorations were carried out by count Karol Lanckoroński, and after the Second World War they were directed by A.M. Mansel. Most monumental buildings were uncovered and some were reconstructed.
The oldest monuments in Perge are the Hellenistic town wall s with towers and the southern town gate with two round towers and a semieliptic area. Perge went through its greatest period in the 2nd and 3rd centuries under Roman rule, and monuments which have survived are mainly from that period. At that time the town had two main column streets cardo and documanus. Cardo (north-south) was shut off from the north by a gate with a nimfeum from which water flowed into a wide open canal running along the middle of the street. The main market square was the forum, near the Hellenistic gate, surrounded by Corinthian porticos.
A theatre for an audience of 12 thousand and a stadium which could accomodate 27 thousand spectators were built outside the town walls. In the town there were hot baths, a palaestra and living accomodations, which remain uncovered. The old town wall s were strengthened in the 4th century, new sections were built from the south side, closed by a gate located between angular towers.