1(7)/2000, p. 29

Edmund Małachowicz
Facture treatment and colouring of mediaeval architecture in Silesia

    Colour, from the earliest times, has supplemented architecture, however, only its remnants have been preserved up to the present times and constitute the subject of research and the basis of conservatory works.
    In the Middle Ages apart from using the natural hues of materials, painting was applied to strengthen the colouring effect.
    Relicts of such colouring have been discovered in Silesia, in Romanesque stone buildings and, most of all, in brick architecture from the Gothic period. During this period in the process of evolution, in the colouring of church interiors especially, four main concepts may be distinguished:
1. Enhancement of wall faces with a red colour  and emphasizing of the joints in white or white and black.
2. Composition of white plaster with the red of brick profiles.
3. Unification of wall faces by using red without emphasizing the joints.
4. Using red as an emphasis of profiles on wholly plastered and whitened walls.
    Vaults and under-the-arc areas were always covered with plaster while vault ribs and architectonic details were polychromed.