2(8)/2000, p. 61

Ada Kwiatkowska
Shaping housing architecture according to the principles of "new urbanism"

    The new concepts of shaping the housing environment (new urbanism) came into existence on the basis of social (communuta­rism) and ecological movements in the last decade of the 20th centu­ry. The fundamental patterns of shaping the habitat in the traditional meaning and according to the principles of "new urbanism" have been defined. The similarities and differences between traditional neigh­bourhood and community-oriented housing have been described. Tra­ditional patterns of housing environment have been analyzed in the following aspects: division, zoning, composition, orientation, mutual relation between open and closed space, directions of the habitat's expansion. The new patterns of shaping the housing environment according to the principles of new urbanism are bound with the concentration of space, the separation of an area of mutual use, the complexity of spatial assumptions, energy-efficiency, symbiosis of the open and closed space, qualitative growth. The principles of shap­ing the ecological habitat in the aspects of energy-efficient architec­ture, the quality of water and air, healthy food, healthy building mate­rials and recycling have been described.