|1-2(9-10)/2001, p. 53
The search for optimal methods of rebuilding monuments in Lower Silesia
Projects of the author, architectonic and archaeological investigations and preservation studies of Lower Silesian monuments as well as observations carried out during didactic work at the Faculty of Architecture of the Wrocław University of Technology, form the basis of this paper.
At the turn of the 20th and 21st century in the region of Lower Silesia there is no exclusively binding preservation doctrine. We have examples of rigorous reconstruction or unrestrained revalorization in which historic forms are improved. In shaping of the space of historical towns the method of reconstructing the architecture of town quarters is sometimes applied whereas occasionally new urbanistic arrangements are created. Free areas, the remains of war operations or later demolition actions, are filled either with pseudo-historic or modern architecture. The latter is either aggressive or it conforms to the surroundings.
The eclecticism of preservation principles is misleading but it also allows us the estimation of different solutions. This estimation helps in the search for optimal methods of protection and revalorization of the monuments of Lower Silesia. It is possible to ascertain that the time for re-creation of historical architecture has passed, and only in exceptional cases it may be reconstructed. In this manner the meaning of authentic objects will be restored. With reference to authentic architecture however, it seems that it is necessary to evaluate it and to make a list of monuments of outstanding or characteristic cultural values, i.e. objects which may not be modernized. In other cases, in order to preserve the continuity of constantly living and functionally transforming space, changes given due consideration should be allowed. Aspiration to the achievement of symbiosis of the monument with modern architectonic creativity seems valuable. On the one hand, indispensable is a precise formulation of preservation as well as according to plan and functional recommendations which would protect urbanistics and panoramas of monumental complexes. On the other hand, the architectonic space which surrounds us should be acknowledged as continuous in time, and new elements should be allowed to accrue. However, the basis of creating these elements is „cultural” designing whose attribute is to perceive aesthetic values of monuments and the desire to create a harmonious configuration.