1-2(9-10)/2001, p. 71

Romuald Pustelnik
Heritage and contemporary times in architecture. Creating the form of a services building in the centre of Wałbrzych

    The paper concerns the current, difficult issues bound with the development of free space along the routes of urban centres and central parts of towns, in the direct vicinity of buildings constituting a cultural heritage.
    At first, the author discusses, in general, problems concerning the relationships between modern and historic buildings and also the current trends in designing “filling in” buldings (reconstructions, transplantations, repeating of modified objects, reference to neighbouring historical forms) as well as presenting the autonomy of contemporary work against the historical background.
    Taking into consideration the above mentioned trends in contemporary architecture, as well as the historic character of the surroundings of a concrete localization in the centre of Walbrzych, there arose the idea to make the most of the so-called unconstrained line of details of the Secession buildings surrounding the plot in the designed projections and elevations of the building.
    In the project presented, fully glass façades have been used with the purpose of obtaining an effect of transparency of the solid, in a very intensively built-up area. The modern material of multilayered glass allowed designing a light solid, at the same time relating with its shape to the soft Secession line of the surrounding buildings. To heighten the effect of transparency special glass constructions were used (large sheets of glass bolted in four places).
    The project assumes setting back the ceilings and dividing walls by 30cm from the planes of the façade glass. This space will be completed by suitable construction glass. The setting back as well as elongation of the walls and ceilings by horizontal and vertical glass panes will cause that the façade (especially in the evening) will become a sort of huge, bent glass structure practically devoid of visible glass divisions. The function of office building additionally enabled such a solution.